Structure and logic of the solution

Structure and logic of the solution:

  • The following components of structural thinking are evaluated
  • The ability to see the integral picture, rather than concentrating on solving tactical tasks
  • The ability to identify, formulate and distinguish between problems and consequences
  • The ability to analyze the situation logically, form and test hypotheses
  • and to argue your choice

First and foremost a team has to structure the "field of activity".

1. Identify the main problem of the case:

  • Ask questions which contain « How? » and « Why? »

  • Extract the main information about the problem from the case. It should be indisputable and belong to the main question of the case

2. Identify the boundaries of the solution:

  • Identify the criteria for the efficiency of the proposed solutions

  • Reflect in the solution the main data: terms, budget, main goals

  • Reflect the points related to solving of the problem

You can learn more about the systemized problem solving in the "Useful" section of the "Problem solving" page.


In order for the solution to differ in the depth of the analytics, we recommend to use the "Problem tree":

  • Allows you to identify subproblems that detail the main problem

  • Acts as the basis for a research plan

  • Suitable for absolutely different problems of the company

  • Provides an overview of the problem and its scale

  • Helps to break the problem into narrower tasks, which simplifies the process of gathering and analysis of data


The basic rules of creating the tree of problems:

  • Place the main problem of the company on the left

  • Divide it into two or three possible subproblems

  • Continue to break the problems into subproblems until they become clear and understandable. It is recommended to use no more than 3-4 levels of problem fragmentation

  • Make sure that the principle of MECE (Mutually Exclusive Collectively Exhaustive) is observed 


Choose the optimal representation of the problem using subproblems. Make sure that the MECE principle is observed.

1.  Explore alternative ways of presenting the problem:

  • Any problem can be decomposed into subproblems in several ways

  • Explore different ways of presenting the problem and choose the optimal one

2.  Check that each level corresponds to the principle of MECE:

  • MECE = Mutually Exclusive, Collectively Exhaustive

  • ME = All branches of the same level are logically equivalent, without duplication

  • CE = All possible options contained in the original problem are covered without gaps


Choose the main hypothesis.

After the construction of the Problem Tree, it is necessary to evaluate the resulting hypotheses and select those that according to the results of the analysis will be optimal.